Disability is an impairment that interferes with the functions expected at your age and in your social environment. Disability may interfere with your education, with your work or with your social interaction.
The term “visual impairment” covers a wide range and variety of vision, from blindness and lack of usable sight; to low vision, which cannot be corrected to normal vision with standard eyeglasses or contact lenses; to moderate visual impairment and an inability to read the fine print in a daily newspaper.
Visual impairment describes vision that cannot be fully corrected by ordinary prescription lenses, medical treatment, or surgery. The term visual impairment includes conditions ranging from the presence of good usable vision, low vision, or to the absence of any sight at all–total blindness. Many terms are used when people refer to visual impairment.
Mental retardation refers to a condition of arrested or incomplete development of the mind of a person, especially charaterised by subnormal intelligence. Cerebral palsy also falls under this category. Individuals who lack motor control as a result of brain injuries occurring in pre-natal (before the birth of the child), peri-natal (during the delivery of the child) or the infant period of development also come under this category.
Mental illness includes any mental disorder other than mental retardation. Mental retardation refers to a condition of arrested or incomplete development of the mind of a person, especially charaterised by subnormal intelligence. Cerebral palsy also falls under this category. Individuals who lack motor control as a result of brain injuries occurring in pre-natal (before the birth of the child), peri-natal (during the delivery of the child) or the infant period of development also come under this category.
Hearing impairment’ means loss of sixty decibels or more in the better ear in the conversational range of frequencies
Hearing ( Deaf ) The deaf are those in whom the sense of hearing is not functional for ordinary purpose of life. They do not hear/understand sound at all even with amplified speech. The cases included in the category will be those having loss of more than 70-90 decibels in the better ear (profound impairment) loss of more than 30 but not more than 45 decibels in better ear (mild impairment) loss of more than 45 but less than 60 decibels in better ear (moderate impairment).
Speech ( Dumb ) Speech disability is referred to as a person’s inability to speak properly if the speech is not understood by the listener or given the attention in the manner in which it is spoken and is aesthetically unpleasant.
Locomotor disability means a person’s inability to execute distinctive activities associated with moving, both himself and objects, from place to place, and such inability resulting from affliction of either bones, joints, muscles or nerves.
Locomotor disorders are the most common pain and disability-causing group of long-term diseases amongst the populations of industrial countries. Resources are limited and the number of patients is increasing because of changes in the population’s age structure, hence it is important to attend to the treatment of locomotor disorders. The proportion of spinal disorders amongst disabled persons is estimated to be 9%, when the effect of other spinal patients’ diseases is noted.
In many studies manipulative treatment methods such as naprapathy have been noticed to be an effective and recommendable treatment for acute back pain.
Many of the modern treatment methods for locomotor disorders have been shown to be useless or even hazardous. Because preventive actions have not been effective enough in decreasing the amount of locomotor disorders, one should make use of multi-professional evaluation and effective treatment methods. Lumbar spine pains are expected to become an increasing problem in the future. That is why treatment of locomotor disorders should change together with reorganization of the health care system.
INFORMATION YOU CAN USE
1) Academy for Severe Handicaps and Autism # 123, Kirloskar Colonoy III Stage, 4th Block Basaveswaranagar Bangalore-560079 Tel : + 91 (80) 3225279 Fax : +91 (80) 2258103 e-mail: [email protected] http://www.ashaforautism.com
2) Disability Network – Attn: Win Phatak Navrang Apt. # 5, 120/9 Modern Colony, Off. Paud Road, Kothrud, Pune 411 038 INDIA Telephone: 91-20-543-0767 Call between 10 and 12 only on working days. www.disabilitynet.org.in
Association for the Mentally Handicapped Contact Person : Ms. Meera Ramchand Address : Near Kidwai Memorial Institute of Oncology Off Hosur Road Bangalore – 560 029 National Association for the Blind Contact Person : Mr Gordon Faife, Chief Executive Officer Address : CA Site 4 NAB Road Jeevan Bhimanagar Bangalore – 560 075 Phone : 91-80-5281590 Spastics Society of Karnataka Education Contact Person : Ms Lalitha Viswanathan Address : 31, 5th Cross Off 5th Main Ist Stage Indiranagar Bangalore – 560 038 Phone : 91-80-528 6129
Try these links: http://www.aarogya.com/miscellaneous/events/disability/art5.asp http://www.voicesforall.org/disability/iphalumni.tripod.com